Breakout Chapel


This page contains notes for some of the breakout chapels hosted by the Department of Bible and Theology at Southwestern Assemblies of God University.

Bible Translations & The Passion Translation
(February 6, 2020)

Drs. Terance Espinoza and Peter Reynolds created this breakout chapel presentation to answer two questions: 1) Which Bible do you recommend?, and 2) What about The Passion Translation?

The short answer to the first question is that it depends on what type of reading you are doing, whether it is private or public, quick or detailed, and so forth. See the three questions outlined in the presentation for further guidance.

As to the second question, TPT is not a viable Bible translation that should be used for any reason. It is too flawed in its methodology to even count as a translation. As an artistic paraphrase it is more like an impressionistic or cubist painting in that the source has been so obscured that the painting is a creation until itself.

A list of the Hebrew and Aramaic words that actually appear in transliteration in the Greek New Testament has been posted to

The PowerPoint is available for you to download and freely use, or you can just scroll through the pictures of the slides.

Material Culture Breakout Chapel
(January 18, 2018)

The Material Culture Breakout Chapel featured three activity centers. The Scriptorium featured real Egyptian papyrus, goose-feather quills, bamboo styluses, dip pens, fountain pens, a Chinese brush set, and various colors of India ink. The Ostracon Center featured all manner of modern broken pottery, Sharpies & other pens, and design ideas from the ancient Near East. The Clay Sculpting Center featured different types of air-dry modeling clay, modeling tools, and instruction on how to create oil lamps, cuneiform script, Egyptian scarabs, as well as molds to press your own clay Tyrian Shekel, Denarius, and Mite/Lepta.


Papyrus Manufacturing

Parchment Manufacturing

Writing Materials





Advanced Papyrological Information System (APIS)
This site provides online access to the papyrological collection at the University of Michegan as well as collections from other universities such as Columbia, Duke, and Yale.

Ostracon Center

In 2013, SAGU students were part of an excavation team that unearthed an important piece of Philistine pottery, shown below:

Sample ostraca from a Hebrew student at SAGU:


Click here to download the handout displayed at the Ostracon Center. 

Clay Sculpting Center

Oil Lamps


Ancient Coins

Breakout Chapel_Coins



Cuneiform Script


Click here for guidance on Old Persian Cuneiform

Click here to download the handout displayed at the Clay Scultping Center.

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