Hebrew & Greek Lexica

  1. BDAG (R 220.58 D187)
    • Bauer, Walter. A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature. 3rd ed. Edited and revised by F.W. Danker. Translated and adapted by W.F. Arndt, F.T. Gingrich, and F.W. Danker. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000.
    • Greek words in Greek alphabetical order. Contains every word in the GNT.
  2. BDB
    • Brown, Francis, S. R. Driver, and C. A. Briggs, eds. A Hebrew and English Lexicon of the Old Testament. Oxford: Clarendon, 1907.
    • Hebrew words in Hebrew alphabetical order. Contains every word in the HB.
  3. DCH
    • Clines, David J. A. (ed.). The Dictionary of Classical Hebrew. 9 vols. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1993-2016.Hebrew words in Hebrew alphabetical order. Contains every word in the HB.
  4. Concise DCH
    • Clines, David J. A. (ed.). The Concise Dictionary of Classical Hebrew. Sheffield: Sheffield Phoenix, 2009.
    • Hebrew words in Hebrew alphabetical order. Contains every word in the HB.
  5. EDNT (225.4803 E962)
    • Balz, Horst, and Gerhard Schneider, Exegetical Dictionary of the New Testament. 3 vols. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1990.
    • Greek words in Greek alphabetical order. Contains every word in the GNT.  
  6. Holladay
    • Holladay, William L. A Concise Hebrew and Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1971.
    • Hebrew words in Hebrew alphabetical order. Contains every word in the HB.
  7. HALOT
    • Koehler, L. and W. Baumgartner, et al., eds. The Hebrew and Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament.3rd ed. 5 vols. Brill, 1994-2001; Study edition, 2 vols. Brill, 2001.  
    • Hebrew words in Hebrew alphabetical order. Contains every word in the HB.
  8. Liddell-Scott (R 483.21 L712)
    • Liddel, H.G., and R. Scott. A Greek-English Lexicon. Rev. ed. Aug. by H.S. Jones. 9th rev. ed. Oxford: Clarendon 1996.
    • Greek words in Greek alphabetical order. Contains every word in the GNT.
  9. Louw-Nida (R 487.4 L895)
    • Louw, J. and E. Nida, eds. A Greek-English Lexicon based on Semantic Domains. 2nd ed. 2 vols. New York: United Bible Society, 1989.
    • Greek words in Greek alphabetical order (in vol. 2, and by semantic domain in vol. 1). Contains every word in the GNT.
  10. Moulton-Milligan (487.4 M927)
    • Moulton, James H. and George Milligan, The Vocabulary of the Greek Testament: Illustrated from the Papyri and other Non-Literary Sources. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1930.
    • Greek words in Greek alphabetical order.
  11. Mounce (R 483.21 L712)
    • Mounce, William Dm. Mounce’s Complete Expository Dictionary of Old & New Testament Words. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2006.
    • Designed as a replacement to Vine’s Expository Dictionary of NT Words.
    • Greek words in Greek alphabetical order. Vine’s was arranged by English word in English alphabetical order.
  12. NIDNTT (225.3 B877)
    • Brown, Colin, ed. The New International Dictionary of New Testament Theology. 4 vols. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1975-1978.
    • English words in English alphabetical order. Not every word in the GNT.
  13. NIDNTTE (225.3 N532)
    • Silva, Moisés, New International Dictionary of New Testament Theology and Exegesis. 5 vols. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2014.
    • Greek words in Greek alphabetical order. Not every word in the GNT.
  14. NIDOTTE
    • VanGemeren, W.A. New International Dictionary of Old Testament Theology and Exegesis. Carlisle: Paternoster, 1997
    • Hebrew words in Hebrew alphabetical order, but has an English-to-Hebrew dictionary in the back. Not every word in the HB.
  15. SBDH
  16. TDNT (aka, Kittel) (225.1 K62)
    • Kittel, Gerhard, and Gerhard Friedrich, eds. Theological Dictionary of the New Testament. Translated and Edited by G. W. Bromiley. 10 volumes. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1964-1976. (Kittel. The 1 vol. ed. aka Little Kittel)
    • Greek words in Greek alphabetical order. Contains word in the GNT.
  17. TDOT
    • Botterweck, Johannes, and Helmer Ringgren. Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament. 15 vols. Revised edition. Translated by John T. Willis. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1975.
    • Hebrew words in Hebrew alphabetical order. Includes every word in the HB.
  18. Thayer’s
    • Thayer, Joseph Henry. A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament. Grand Rapids: Baker, 1977. Reprint of A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament, Being Grimm’s Wilke’s Clovis Novi Testamenti Translated, Revised, and Enlarged. 4th ed. Edinburgh: T&T Clark, 1901. Translation of Clovis Novi Testamenti. Rev. ed. Leipzig: Arnoldische Buchhandlung, 1889.
    • The 1887 version of Thayer’s is available at Archive.org. R. Daly wrote a helpful blog post on Thayer’s at the Biblical Languages Research blog, where Thayer’s strengths and weaknesses are discussed in some detail. Thayer’s can still be useful, especially if there are no other options readily available. From the publisher of the Baker edition cited here, “A word of caution is necessary. Thayer was a Unitarian, and the errors of this sect occasionally come through in the explanatory notes” (vii). Thayer’s lexicon is also based on the Westcott-Hort GNT, which is a precursor to but not the same as the contemporary critical editions of the GNT.
  19. TLNT (225.4803 E962)
    • Spicq, Ceslas. Theological Lexicon of the New Testament. Translated by James Ernest. 3 vols. Peabody: Hendrickson, 1994.
    • Greek words in Greek alphabetical order. Not every word in the GNT.
  20. TLOT
    • Jenni, Ernst, and Claus Westermann. Theological Lexicon of the Old Testament. 3 vols. Peabody: Hendrickson, 1997.
    • Hebrew words in Hebrew alphabetical order. Not every word in the HB.
  21. TWOT
    • Harris, R. Laird, Archer, and Bruce Waltke. Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament. 2 vols. Chicago: Moody Press, 1980.
    • Hebrew words in Hebrew alphabetical order.

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